IJN KITAKAMI

 
 

As seen in 1941

 
     
 

Pit Road no. W47

Scale 1:700 

Read how I build the kit on the bottom of this page

Click on the pictures to enlarge.

 
     
     
     

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   IJN KITAKAMI,  北上
 

( Kitakami keijunyōkan) was a Kuma-class light cruiser in the Imperial Japanese Navy, named after the Kitakami River in Iwate prefecture, Japan.

 Background

Kitakami was the third of five vessels completed in the Kuma-class of light cruisers. As with its sister ships, it was intended for use both as a long-range, high speed scout ship and also as a command vessel for destroyer or submarine flotillas.

 Early career

Kitakami was completed on 3 July 1920 at Sasebo Navy Yard, Nagasaki. Soon after commissioning, it was based at Mako, Pescadores Islands, and assigned to cover the landings of Japanese forces in central China as the Second Sino-Japanese War continued to escalate.

On 25 August 1941, Kitakami returned to Sasebo for conversion to a "torpedo cruiser" with ten Type 92 quadruple torpedo tube mounts for the 61-cm long-range oxygen-propelled Type 93 “Long Lance” torpedoes (a total of 40 tubes), in line with Imperial Japanese Navy plans to create a special “Night Battle Force” of torpedo-cruisers. Modification was complete by 30 September 1941, and Kitakami is assigned to the Japanese First Fleet, CruDiv 9, under Rear Admiral Fukuji Kishi.

Early stages of the Pacific War

At the time of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Kitakami was escorting the Combined Fleet's battleships from Hashirajima to the Bonin Islands and back to Japan.

From January to May 1942, Kitakami was assigned largely to training duties in Japanese home waters. At the time of the Battle of Midway on 29 May 1942, Kitakami and its sister ship Ōi were part of the Aleutian Screening Force, and return safely to Japan on 17 June 1942.

As a fast troop transport

From August - September 1942, Kitakami and Ōi were converted into fast transports. Their ten quadruple torpedo launchers are reduced to six (a total of 24 tubes). They were equipped with two Daihatsu landing craft (barges) and were fitted with two triple mount Type 96 25-mm AA guns. Depth charge launch rails were also installed. After conversion, Kitakami and Ōi embarked the No. 4 Maizuiru Special Naval Landing Force, which they transported to Truk in the Caroline Islands and Shortland Island in the Solomon Islands by 6 October 1942.

CruDiv 9 was disbanded on 21 November 1942, and the Kitakami was assigned directly to the Combined Fleet. In November, the Kitakami transported troops from Manila to Rabaul, New Britain, and returned to Sasebo by the end of the year.

In January 1943, Kitakami was assigned to the reinforcement of Japanese forces in New Guinea, and escorted a convoy with the IJA 20th Infantry Division from Pusan to Wewak, New Guinea via Palau. In February, Kitakami escorted a convoy with the IJA 41st Infantry Division from Tsingtao to Wewak, again via Palau.

On 15 March 1943, Kitakami was re-assigned to CruDiv 16 of the Southwest Area Fleet under Admiral Takasu, as a guard ship based out of Surabaya. It escorted three troop convoys from Surabaya to Kaimana, New Guinea during April and May.

On 23 June 1943, while at Makassar, the Kitakami, Ōi, Kinu and Kuma were bombed by Consolidated B-24 Liberators of the 5th Air Force's 319th Bomb Squadron. None of the cruisers were hit, but some sustained slight damage from near-misses.

After refit at Seletar Naval Base, Singapore in August, Kitakami escorted a troop convoy from Singapore to the Nicobar Islands in early September. Two more convoys were escorted to Port Blair, Andaman Islands in late October.

In late January 1944, Kitakami escorted another convoy to Port Blair. On its return voyage while transiting Malacca Strait, southwest of Penang, Malaya, on 27 January 1944, the Kitakami was hit aft by two torpedoes fired by the HMS Templar (P316). The Kinu took Kitakami in tow to Angsa Bay, Malaya for emergency repairs, followed by extensive repairs at the No. 101 Repair Facility at Seletar Naval Base, Singapore in February. Repairs were not completed until 21 June 1944. However, after departing Singapore to escort the tanker Kyokuto maru, Kitakami began to take on water and had to put into Cavite Navy Yard in the Philippines from 12 July 1944 to 26 July 1944. Despite the additional repairs, Kitakami still took on water on its return voyage to Sasebo.

As a Kaiten carrier

From 14 August 1944 Kitakami was repaired and modified at Sasebo into a Kaiten human torpedo carrier with a capacity for eight Kaitens. A 20-ton crane, formerly from the seaplane carrier Chitose, was fitted to raise and lower the Kaiten into the water. The stern was remodeled into an overhanging ramp configuration and the aft turbines were removed as well, and the space used to hold spare parts & repair equipment. The removal of these turbines reduced Kitakami's top speed from 36 to 23 knots. All of Kitakami's armaments were removed and replaced by two Type 89 127-mm AA guns and 67 Type 96 25-mm (12x3 and 31x1) AA barrels, two Type 13 air-search and one Type 22 surface-search radars. Two depth charge launching rails were installed at the stern and two depth charge throwers were also installed. The refit was completed on 20 January 1945, and Kitakami was assigned directly to the Combined Fleet.

On 19 March 1945, American Task Force 58 aircraft carriers USS Essex (CV-9), USS Intrepid (CV-11), USS Hornet (CV-12), USS Wasp (CV-18), USS Hancock (CV-19), USS Bennington (CV-20) and the USS Belleau Wood (CVL-24) made the first carrier attack of the war on Kure Arsenal. More than 240 aircraft (SB2C Helldivers, F4U Corsairs and F6F Hellcats) attacked the battleships Hyuga, Ise, Yamato, Haruna, aircraft carriers Amagi, Katsuragi, Ryuho, Kaiyo and other ships. Kitakami sustained no damage.

In July 1945, an additional twenty seven single mount Type 96 25-mm AA guns were fitted to Kitakami. However, on 24 July 1945 about 200 aircraft Task Force 38's USS Essex (CV-9), USS Ticonderoga (CV-14), USS Randolph (CV-15), USS Hancock (CV-19), USS Monterey (CVL-26) and USS Bataan (CVL-29) again attacked the Kure area. Kitakami was damaged by strafing and thirty-two crewmen were killed.

Post-war

After the surrender of Japan on 2 September 1945, Kitakami was moved to Kagoshima and assigned to the Repatriation Service. She was used as a repair tender for ships on repatriation duties.

Kitakami was removed from the Navy List on 30 November 1945, and scrapped at Nanao from 10 August 1946 – 31 March 1947.

(from Wikipedia .org)

Technical specification:

  • Laid down at Sasebo Navy Yard
  • Launched 3. Jul. 1920
  • Completed 15. Apr. 1921
  • Reconstruction and rearmament: 1927, 1941, 1942, 1944, 1945
  • Broken up 31. Mar. 1947
  • displacement: 5,870 tons full load
  • length: 158.5 m
  • beam: 14.17 m
  • draught: 4.80 m
  • ship horse power: 90,000shp
  • speed : 36 knots
  • crew: 439

Armament:

  • Main guns 4 (4x1) 5.5' = 14 cm
  • 4 25mm AA guns (2x2)
  • 10 quadruple 24' torpedo tubes
  • 2 racks of depth charges of 6 DC each

Building the model of PitRoad IJN KITAKAMI 1941 in scale 1:700

When I restarted my newborn career as a model ship worker here back in 2005. I promised myself that the Torpedo cruiser of IJN KITAKAMI will be high on the priority list, and most be among the ships that stands out as a odd creature along with the Light cruisers of the IJN. I was pleased to open the box and start on this little model. PitRoad/Skywave models has always been my favorite manufacture company, when we talk about the smaller ships in the navy. The company have researched well in the ship before the launch of a new model - and have raised the bar even further when it comes to their range of destroyers and escort ships. Kitakami and her sister IJN Oi, fall near to this standard.

In the building manual are a note that newly discovery evidence has shown, that the ten quadruple torpedo mounts was closed and not open as in the kit. This is a fine thing to highlight in the kit, but if PitRoad has the recourses to include the new note- It will have been good a thing to include the ten new torpedo mounts in the kit too !! But when this is said, I still have only praised words for the kit in general. (I have the extra torpedo mounts from three former PitRoad kits) -Read below how I build the specific parts of the ship.

Hull:

It has been researched that Kitakami had the DeGauss cable installed in 1941, but not the sister Oi, the cable is not  incorporated in the kit, but I made mine of two layers of heavy masking tape cut to a small band. The plating of the hull is made likewise with Tamiya's fine masking tape cut to shape and attached. At the rear small Prop guards was made of silver and copper wire. Lion-Roar PE-set of the Imperial symbol was added to the bow.

Deck:

There is not many things to improve on the fine deck of the ship. I added PE-set of anchor chains, and drilled out the hause-pipe as well. New fairleads was added and extra Depth charges was mounted at the stern. Flagstaff and poles was made of silver wire. Plastic cranes was substituted by Lion Roar PE-set. Small life rings is made of silver wire, and the mounts is bend from railing.

Super structure:

The most notable feature of the alternations on the superstructure is the opening of the windows and remake of the main and the tripod masts (the closed levels of the tripod mast had to be altered to resemble the 1941 time frame of the ship). Also the wings of the bridge has metal plates (paper) and support bracings underneath (Styrene plastic) The stacks is drilled hollow and plastic baffles is attached. The top grills on the stacks is PE-set railing cut to fit. The torpedo mounts mentioned earlier are super detailed by plastic doors and lookouts and "spiced up" with PE-set railing.

Details in general:

Added to the PE-set's of Tom's Model Works (IJN railing), Lion Roar (25mm twin AA guns and boat davits), etc. I have made small navigation lanterns, signaling platforms, emergency woods, ropes, scratch build masts of silver wires, signal flags of metal foils. Binoculars and ladders -windbreakers made of white glue and paint. And also some spare parts from Pit Road.

Conclusion:

Now that the model building of Kitakami is finished, I'm glad of my Torpedo cruiser. She stands now among the other models in the glass cabinet, and will be a subject of interest when visitors say : How strange this ships looks?  If you like me don't think that a fleet of IJN ships is complete -before you have a cruiser like Kitakami - I can highly recommend you to purchase PitRoad's model and have some enjoyable days ahead.

Reference:

Books form my own library :  

Japanese Naval Warship Photo Album Cruisers from Diamond Sha books.  

(Japan)

Reference: Pictures

Model Art no. 26 Takao-class cruisers

(Japan)

Reference: Signal flag code

 

Model Art no. 13 5,500-ton cruisers

(Japan)

Reference: Drawings, models

photo de

Japanese Cruisers of the Pacific War by Lacroix / Wells

(USA)

Reference: History, tables, drawings, background

 

Maru IJN Warship Photo File n°13

(Japan)

Reference: Drawings

 Websites:

Nihon kaigun:

http://www.combinedfleet.com/kitakami_t.htm

 

Vanguard's model of Kitakami:

kitakami1.htm

Kansen model of Kitakami:

http://www10.ocn.ne.jp/~kansen/kitakami.htm

 

The building time was only 10 days.

Aeronautic Oct. 2008.

 
 
     

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